Eyumojock, also spelled Eyumojok or Eyumodjock is a town, a commune and a Sub-division in the Manyu Division.
It was created in the year 1984 and is made of 25 Municipal councils. The Eyumojock Subdivision has a total surface area of 3,442 km², with a total population of approximately 46,771 inhabitants and a population density of 13.58 persons/km². Eyumojock is situated about 45 km from Mamfe, and approximately 300km from Buea the capital of South West.
The Municipality is found roughly between the towns of Ikom in Nigeria and Mamfe. The Eyumojock area shares it boundaries to the North with, Akwaya Sub-division, to the south by Mundemba, to the West by the Federal Republic of Nigeria and to the East by Upper Bayang and Mamfe Central sub-division.
Eyumojock is composed of 61 villages and 5 urban spaces and constitute one of the Ejagham ethnic group that splitted up into three (3) clans. These clans include the Ejagham Njemaya, Central Ejagham and Obang. Aside from these three clans, different groups of people also resident in the area especially the North Westerners and the Nigerians splitting from the the Efick ethnic group.
It should be noted that, the least most populated clan is the Obang clan, with Central Ejagham being the most populated followed by Ejagham Njemaya. Thus, with an estimated population of 46,771 inhabitants, Kembong has the highest population with 6,350 inhabitants, followed by Ossing with a population of 4,650 inhabitants, the Abakpa village with the least population of about 25 inhabitants.
The 66 villages found in the Eyumojock sub-division belong to the three main clans of Ejagham Njemaya, Central Ejagham and Obang. Obang has 15 villages, Central Ejagham has 25 villages and Ejagham Njemaya has 26 villages. The entire Ejagham speak the same dialect except the four villages of Ntenako, Ossing, Talangaye and Ndekwai that speak an additional Keyang language and Nduap that speak the Boki languages. The Ejagham people migrated from Effick ethnic group in Nigeria, taking fishing and hunting as their occupation along the Cameroon-Nigeria border. The Central Ejagham dominates the area with the most populated and largest villages of Ossing and Kembong.
The Northern part of the Eyumojock area is undulating with knife-edge ridges which forms the watershed around the Akwaya region, with an elevation between 135 m to 237 m above sea level. As one moves towards the Center and South, the area becomes more broken and hilly, with an elevation which ranges from 200 m to 800 m above sea level. The topography towards the East forms a river bed escarpment with Munaya River which continues with gentle slope with granitic out-crop.
Eyumojock consist of two main seasons which is the rainy season and the dry season season. The long rainy season of about seven months starts from April to October with record of the highest monthly rainfall indicated in July. The short dry season of about five months begins from November to March.
In 2005 and 2007, mean monthly temperature ranged from 25⁰c to 29.3⁰c with a maximum monthly record of 27.9⁰c in March and a minimum record of 20.4⁰c in August. Highest temperatures are experienced in the dry seasons due to constant sun light.
The drainage system of Eyumojock is characterised by many small streams which take their rise from the Forest Management Unit. The streams in this area eventually empty themselves into Rivers Awa, Munaya, Badi, Ma’a and Manyu. The main rivers in the Central Ejagham include Rivers Badi, Munaya, Manyu and Bakogo with streams like Bawan, Bakip, Akolayip and Moniem. The rivers in the Obang area include Bablick, Munaya, Ma’a, Aja and Mefem while the streams include Ayip plank, Kerep, Ojong, Bakep Ayip, Moayip, Bato, Bafick, Nchenghe, Etinkem Ayip, Ayip Ebangh and Ayip Bessi. The rivers in the Ejagham Njemaya include Manyu, M’ann, Awa, Akerem and Mefem and streams such as Nmarafu, Akegem, Bate and Owonabi.
Dumort description of soils in the south west Region in 1965 showed that Precambian gneiss and cretaceous sedimentary sandstones which form old basement complex decomposes in situ in to old sandy soils. The soils in the South of the area is highly leached due to heavy rainfall, while the soils in the North East are very fertile due to the alluvial deposit, making the sedimentary soils to be good for the cultivation of oranges, cassava and palms. Due to excessive heat during the dry season, soils loose almost all moisture making farming less productive except during the wet season.
Eyumojock vegetation is classified as lowland of the Guinea Congolian type (White, 1993). It is a moist lowland evergreen forest rich in families of moracae and Cesalpinaceae. Lejoly (1996) described the forest more as an ‘Atlantic lower-Guinea domain to emphasis the influence of the Atlantic ocean. The southern and northern part of Eyumojock are characterised by a mixture of primary and secondary rainforest which decreases in intensity as one moves towards the east or west. They have a higher diversity of flora and richer in species than any other part. Plant species include, Iroko, Bubinga, Poga, Doussie and Moabi. Non Timber Forest Products such as bush pepper, Njangsang, Bush mango, shea nuts, Bitter kola and Eru are also found here.
The wide variety of animal species with very high ecological value in this area include Mona Monkey, Bay Duiker, Forest Elephants, Blue Duiker, African palm civet, Forest Buffalo, Cane rat and Brush-tailed porcupine and many others with variety of amphibians and birds.
The Eyumojock population is grouped into three classes of people who include the farmers who make up about 60% of the entire population, business men and civil servants who make up about 40% of the population and involve in petit trading, fishing, hunting, teaching, forest exploitation, administration and transportation.
Eyumojock is dominated by Christianity with three conversional churches in the area which include Catholic Presbyterian and Baptist. Other Pentecostal churches are found in Ejagham Njemaya and Obang clans such as Apostolic, Deeper life and Brotherhood of the Cross and Star, all because of Nigerian influence.
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